Inventory and assessment of sources of pollution affecting land and waters

1.1 Inventory of chemical storage sites and sources of water pollution Leader Partner: UkrSCES Other involved partners: ECCG, DDBRA, EPPO This activity concerns collecting information across the Lower Danube region about current and former sites where toxic chemicals are or were stored (including farm stores, industrial sites and analytical laboratories), as well as untreated wastewater outfalls. The information will be checked through field and site surveys. Storage sites in the open countryside will be accurately mapped and surveyed for current state, vegetation cover, security, management and monitoring. The data will be entered in a GIS data base so that they can be displayed against various base layers such a soil type, water drainage pattern, land use, wildlife sites and settlements. The data base design will be undertaken by UkrSCES in ArcInfo software and shared with the other project partners. The data base from each country will be shared through a common dynamic link. In Moldova, the information and related activities will be used to lay the groundwork for establishing a Centre for Management of Hazardous Waste in Chisinau together with the development of a policy for sound management of chemicals and elaboration of the legal framework necessary for adhering to the provisions of international treaties, introduction of evidence of use of chemicals, regulation of use of chemicals with potential danger for environment and health, promotion of activities on cooperation between authorities and industry and active involvement of the industrial sector. 1.2 Sampling and laboratory analyses for identification of actual sources of soil and water pollution Leader Partner: OSDEP Other involved partners: UkrSCES, ECCG, DDBRA In conjunction with the previous activity, a sampling campaign of soils and waters in and near potential sources of pollution will be carried out in the Ukrainian part of the Lower Danube region, including from the mouths of the Danube Delta and other rivers (which aggregate diffuse sources from their catchments’ areas). The Romanian partners will provide advice to the Ukrainian side on best practice for sample collection (protocols to prevent contamination, deterioration, human hazard) and analytical procedures and quality control in accordance with relevant EU Directives (e.g. Water Framework Directive, Nitrates Directive). They will also provide relevant data regarding wastewater discharge points into Danube in Galati and Tulcea counties, for comparative purposes. This Activity also involves improving the existing sampling, analytical and evaluation techniques and infrastructure in Ukraine by procuring an all-terrain vehicle, sampling tools, analytical apparatus, sample storage facilities, IT equipment, digital maps and image analysis software. 1.3 Assessment of risks for human and environmental health of sources of soil and water pollution Leader Partner: IMPEER Other involved partners: OSDEP, DDBRA, EPPO Risk assessment is a mechanism for identification, analysis and control of danger related to the presence of hazardous substances (pesticides) and conditions (water ecosystems pollution as a result of sewage) in the project area. A methodology for quantitative risk assessment resulting from soil and water pollution sources in accordance with best European practice and Ukrainian legislation will be developed, in consultation with the Romanian partners, based on: • identifying the most serious hazard sources (risk factors); • quantitative risk assessment (the likelihood a hazardous event will occur) of threats to the environment and population posed by possible anthropogenic pollution, including secondary pollution; and • risk management through selection of optimal environmental management solutions to minimize the risk by stabilizing and compensating measures including establishing of a proper environmental protection infrastructure. The methodology will then be employed, in conjunction with the survey and sample analysis results, to assess the environmental hazards and risk levels posed by former and existing toxic chemical storage sites, and wastewater discharges. A risk management statement will be produced for each site assessed, and an overall regional assessment of risks for lower Danube region and adjacent Black Sea coast will be produced. 1.4 Preparation of cross-border remediation plan for high risk pollution sources Leader Partner: OSDEP Other involved partners: ECCG, DDBRA, EPPO Based on the site-specific and regional assessments carried out in the previous activity, a remediation plan will be prepared to address pollution sources of highest risk requiring security and remediation measures. This will include detailed mapping of the priority sites at a scale of 1:5000 or better (using satellite images where appropriate) and marking the maps with the measures to be taken.